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the_guitar_mann/iStockBy MINA KAJI, ABC News

(WASHINGTON) -- The head of the Federal Aviation Administration is set to pilot the 737 Max Wednesday in Seattle -- a key step in the aircraft's eventual re-certification.

"I'm not going to sign off on this airplane until I fly it myself," FAA chief Steve Dickson has repeatedly said.

Dickson, a former pilot and executive at Delta Air Lines, will undergo the new proposed training for Max pilots before entering the cockpit.

The Boeing 737 Max has been grounded for over a year and a half after it was involved in two crashes that killed a total of 346 people.

Investigators found that both crashes involving the 737 Max were tied to a software called the Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System (MCAS). MCAS was designed to help stabilize the 737 Max after heavier, re-positioned engines placed on the aircraft caused the plane's nose to point too far upward in certain circumstances.

In both crashes, incorrect data from a faulty sensor caused MCAS to misfire, forcing the plane to nose down repeatedly even as pilots struggled to regain control and gain altitude. MCAS was not mentioned in the pilot manual.

Boeing not only rewrote the software for the MCAS flight control system, but also the entire flight computer software.

The FAA, European Union Aviation Safety Agency and Canada have already completed their own Max test flights. The test pilots tried to replicate scenarios where the old MCAS misfired -- forcing the plane into dives and tight turns.

Although the Max is getting closer to receiving the FAA's stamp of approval, there are still a number of steps that remain before it can return to the skies with paying passengers including airlines drafting their own pilot training, getting it approved and training their pilots.

Last week American Airlines began scheduling training for its 737 Max pilots in November and said it expects to have completed training for all Max pilots by the end of January 2021, according to an internal memo obtained by ABC News.

The 737 Max has been the subject of multiple investigations from congressional committees and U.S. agencies, including the Department of Justice and the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Two weeks ago the House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure released a scathing report which concluded technical design flaws, faulty assumptions about pilot responses and management failures by both Boeing and the FAA were to blame for the fatal crashes.

Lawmakers are now pushing for a reform of the aircraft certification process in the U.S. that they say would strengthen federal oversight over manufacturers.

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NicolasMcComber/iStockBy MARC NATHANSON, ABC News

(NEW YORK) -- The Cybersecurity Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) says a widespread Microsoft email outage Monday was not part of a "broader coordinated campaign" -- but they're still keeping an eye out for possible malicious activity.

Microsoft reported that a number of users in North America lost access Monday afternoon to its "Microsoft 365" services, including Outlook mail, Microsoft Teams and Teams Live Events, as well as Office.com services.

The company said late Monday night that the incident had been resolved and that "any users still experiencing impact should be mitigated shortly."

We’ve confirmed that the residual issue has been addressed and the incident has been resolved. Any users still experiencing impact should be mitigated shortly. Additional details can be found in the admin center under MO222965 or https://t.co/lbjX5iaxCX

— Microsoft 365 Status (@MSFT365Status) September 29, 2020

Officials with CISA, the cybersecurity arm of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, said that "at this point we have no indication of a broader coordinated campaign."

pic.twitter.com/SvVUjrhtC1

— Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (@CISAgov) September 29, 2020

"We're working with a range of partners on the recent critical infrastructure, IT, communications service disruptions and engaging as needed," the agency said. "While there are clearly a number of cyber actors out there looking to do us harm, this is also a good reminder that technology service interruptions are often due to mistake rather than malevolence, something we should keep in mind over the coming weeks and months."

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AdidasBy JACQUELINE LAUREAN YATES, ABC News 

(NEW YORK) -- Adidas and Star Wars have joined forces to create another one-of-a-kind collectible shoe.

Celebrating 40 years since the legendary Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back debuted, the new Adidas Originals collection pays homage to the film with four pairs of sneakers that are inspired by fan-favorite characters Lando Calrissian, Boba Fett, Han Solo and Chewbacca.

Since launching on Sept. 18, some styles have already begun to sell out, but many fans are anticipating the release of the Rivalry Hi Star Wars Shoes that are a direct ode to Chewbacca's classic character on Oct. 22.

Much like the Wookiee warrior's character, the sneaker features furry-like light brown hair strands on the upper sole and tongue of the shoe.

The tongue of the silhouette also includes a trinket that's much like the belt Chewbacca wore during Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back.

The Rivalry Hi Star Wars Shoes will retail for 119.95 pounds which is approximately $155.

Another standout sneaker from the collection is the Boba Fett-inspired Top Ten Hi Star Wars Shoes which feature a bounty hunter look and feel.

The pair has rich tones of olive green, red and light blue like Fett's body armor as well as a utility pocket near the ankle area of the shoe.

Another unique detail is the Fett's famous quote from the film, "He's no good to me dead" that's featured inside the flap of the extra utility pocket.

The Top Ten Hi Star Wars Shoes also come in an all gold metallic hue, but unfortunately, both options have already sold out. However, fans can sign up on Adidas' website to find out about the next release.

All of the sneakers from this special Star Wars collection come in special commemorative boxes along with the collector's posters. If you purchase all four sneakers, the posters included can be lined up together to build one larger complete image.

The Walt Disney Company is the parent company of Lucasfilm and ABC News.

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TrongNguyen/iStockBy KELLY MCCARTHY, ABC News

(NEW YORK) -- Cream of Wheat is the latest food brand in a growing list of consumer packaged goods to make a permanent change to its imagery, slogan or name amid continued calls for racial equality.

"For years, the image of an African-American chef appeared on our Cream of Wheat packaging. While research indicates the image may be based upon an actual Chicago chef named Frank White, it reminds some consumers of earlier depictions they find offensive," B&G Foods, the parent company of Cream of Wheat, said in a statement to Good Morning America. "Therefore, we are removing the chef image from all Cream of Wheat packaging."

The decision comes three months after the brand first said that it would immediately evaluate its packaging and "proactively take steps to ensure that we and our brands do not inadvertently contribute to systemic racism."

Ben's Original, Mrs. Butterworth's and Aunt Jemima have also taken action to address racial stereotypes in their packaging and names.

B&G Foods also said it recognizes the importance of diversity and inclusion in the culinary community and started a new philanthropic initiative by building relationships with several top culinary schools to "help support and aid in the development of African-American and Latinx candidates through various scholarship and other initiatives."

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ferrantraite/iStockBy JEANETTE TORRES-PEREZ, ABC News

(NEW YORK) -- Should cases of the novel coronavirus ramp up during the upcoming months, grocery stores don’t want to be caught off guard again.

Ahead of a possible second COVID-19 wave, many stores are now beginning to stockpile supplies like canned goods, paper products and cleaning supplies so they’ll be better prepared to meet consumer demand this time around.

The news was first reported by the Wall Street Journal.

ABC News’ Becky Worley appeared on Good Morning America Monday to discuss the extra measures some stores are taking in preparation:

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jetcityimage/iStockBy JACQUELINE LAUREAN YATES, ABC News

(NEW YORK) -- Brace yourselves. Amazon Prime Day is on the way and expected to be great.

One of the retail giant's biggest sale events of the year will run for 48 hours on Oct. 13 and Oct. 14.

The online sales event offers over one million deep discounts on products ranging from home and electronics to beauty and fashion.

Amazon's annual Prime Day is usually in July, but it was postponed this year due to the coronavirus pandemic.

Deals included are exclusive to Amazon Prime members and last for two days. There are also "lightning sales" that happen throughout the day for a short period of time.

The company is also expanding its commitment to small business selling partners by offering Prime members a $10 credit to use on Prime Day when they spend $10 on items sold by select businesses in Amazon's store. An additional $100 million is also being spent by Amazon on activities that will help further promote and increase sales for these businesses.

"In the midst of an unprecedented year, we're committed to making this the most successful Prime Day ever for our small businesses and excited for Prime members worldwide to discover new ways to support local entrepreneurs and save big on everything they need and love," said Amazon CEO Worldwide Consumer Jeff Wilke in a statement.

He continued, "This year's Prime Day is the perfect opportunity for Prime members to get their holiday shopping done early from the comfort of their homes -- and to have more time to spend with their families and friends throughout the season."

Shoppers will also have more exposure to small business sellers through the visibility of curated collections as well as appearances directly from business owners on Amazon Live throughout Prime Day.

"In such an unsettled economy, we've actually been able to grow our sales with Amazon, allowing us to pay our employees more and pivot quickly when supply chain shortages struck," said Colleen Sundlie, owner of Date Lady in Springfield, Missouri, in a statement. "Selling online has helped us stay connected with customers and continue growing our small business despite the challenging times."

Another added bonus is that Prime members will be given early access to shop deals on Amazon devices, music, Kindle books, fashion, home items and much more leading up to Prime Day.

Standout discounts include up to 30% off select styles from designer brands such as Calvin Klein and Alo Yoga as well as up to 20% off furniture brands such as Nathan James and Modway.

In addition to Amazon's upcoming Prime Day, the company announced that it will be hiring 100,00 additional full-time and part-time employees in the U.S. and Canada earlier this month.

The retailer is also opening 100 new operations buildings and fulfillment centers as well as other related sites this month.

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Courtesy of Rebelle RallyBY: MORGAN KORN, ABC NEWS

(WASHINGTON) -- In less than two weeks, 72 women from across the country will traverse dirt trails, desert sand dunes and barren landscapes in California and Nevada without the aid of technology in this year's Rebelle Rally, the first off-road navigational rally raid for women in the United States.

Emily Miller, a seasoned endurance racer, founded the rally five years ago to "give women a platform to shine, build and test their skills." Miller was determined to let her "Rebelles" compete in the grueling, eight-day off-road adventure even as the coronavirus pandemic forced the world into lockdown and disrupted daily life. Teams will have to clear a COVID-19 test before the competition begins Oct. 8 near Lake Tahoe. A COVID coordinator was hired to monitor the health of teams and staff. Face masks will be mandatory.

"We never took this virus lightly," Miller told ABC News. "We are doing everything to the nth degree. This already is a remote, distanced event. There are no spectators."

For Emme Hall, the rally had to go on. Not participating was never a consideration for Hall or her navigator, Rebecca Donaghe, teammates since the start and winners in the Crossover Class last year.

"We have all been isolated in our homes and haven't seen any friends or family," Hall told ABC News. "I am excited to see so many of these women. We will be in our own bubble when we get there. The Rebelles are a family."

The event has hosted all-female competitors, ranging in age from 22 to 70 years old, from 188 cities, 38 states and provinces and eight countries since its inception. Miller said the Rebelle was designed to award precision driving and navigation -- not speed. Points are determined by the number of checkpoints (there are 200) a team accumulates on the obstacle-like course that spans 1,200 miles. Cellphones and GPS devices are forbidden. Competitors are required to plot their routes via a compass, roadbooks and topographical maps.

"It's a unique challenge and format. The scoring system pushes people to go for it," Miller explained, adding that she envisioned the rally to give women "something to sink their teeth into, a badge of honor."

Hall and Donaghe have introduced another hurdle to the already challenging course: driving the Rivian R1T, a 750 horsepower, four-motor powertrain all-electric truck that can get up to 300 miles of range from its 135 kWh battery. The truck will also be the first to roll off Rivian's Normal, Illinois, assembly line, with the serial No. 1.

The R1T will not be fitted with additional features or special equipment, according to Brian Gase, chief engineer of special projects at Rivian. Even the on-board air compressor is stock equipment.

"This is such a cool opportunity to put our electric adventure vehicles into some off-road performance validation," Gase told ABC News. "Range will vary depending on the terrain and the conditions they face, just like it would if they were in a gasoline vehicle. The drivers, the race environment, real world validation, competition with ICE [internal combustion engine] vehicles – all [are] amazing for us."

Donaghe said there are many similarities between the R1T and the twin-turbo, 6.7-liter V-12 Rolls-Royce Cullinan she and Hall captained in 2019. Last year, every move and every mile were carefully charted to maximize fuel.

"We worried about mileage in the Cullinan," Donaghe told ABC News. "I even brought a siphon pack kit with me."

This year, range will determine how far Hall and Donaghe are willing to push the limits to win. The R1T demands "more math and strategy about the checkpoints," Donaghe said. "We never want to get down to zero battery [charge]."

A few rally participants did pull out of the event, according to Miller, but 36 teams decided to compete, including newcomers Nicole Wakelin, an automotive journalist based in New Hampshire, and her partner, Alice Chase. They're driving the Infiniti QX80, a luxury SUV making its -- and the Japanese marque's -- first appearance in the Rebelle.

"I will be leaving my husband and younger daughter at home ... it will be weird not talking to them every day," Wakelin told ABC News. "This is about me, Alice and the Infiniti -- a three-person team. I wanted to do the rally to prove myself that I could do it and go outside my comfort zone."

Ford marketing employees Erica Martin and Jovina Young will be driving the all-new Bronco Sport 4X4, which had its grand debut in July. The off-roading neophytes have spent weeks with Ford engineers, practicing skills like rock crawling and changing tires, navigating narrow rutted trails and perfecting steep ascents and descents. This year marks Ford's inaugural involvement in the rally.

"We are a fairly late entry so it’s been quite the cram session!" Martin and Young told ABC News in a statement. "We knew we wanted to enter a professional team but during the planning we came up with the crazy idea to enter a novice team. After all, that’s what Bronco is all about - making off-roading fun and accessible for everyone. Who better to take on this challenge than ourselves?"

Rachael Ridenour, a Rebelle loyalist, has been coaching her driver and teammate, Kristie Levy, on what to expect along the daunting and physically exhausting route. They'll be helming a Mitsubishi Outlander plug-in hybrid vehicle, the only PHEV in the rally.

"If you don't drive well, you don't finish," Ridenour, a 32-year U.S. Army veteran and founder and CEO of Record The Journey, a nonprofit that provides outdoor photography adventures and training to military veterans and their families, told ABC News. "Solve one problem at a time. You will make mistakes -- not if."

She added: "It's a collaborative and competitive event that's fully immersive and amazing. You're spending 24 hours a day with the same person with the same objective in the same vehicle. It creates a tight knit community."

The women competing come from all backgrounds and careers, according to Miller: CEOs, lawyers, engineers, moms, military veterans. For 10 days they'll escape reality, consumed with one goal only: to finish the rally.

Donaghe said the pandemic has been weighing heavily on all the participants. Teams have agreed to minimize contact with strangers and hunker down to protect themselves -- and others -- from infection.

"Everyone is very conscientious about [the risks]," she said. "This will be an emotional year. All of that bonding will be more intense and more important."

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Courtesy Raqueeb BeyBy TAYLOR BEHRENDT-RHODES, CAMERON HARRISON and JOEL LYONS, ABC News

(NEW YORK) -- With its mission to "keep family farmers on the land," Farm Aid works year-round to promote food grown on family farms, support farmers in times of need and promote fair farming policies. It's also known for the famous concert and festival of the same name, which has been held almost every year since 1985.

This year's virtual concert -- taking place on Saturday, Sept. 26, and featuring performances from the likes of founders Willie Nelson, Neil Young and John Mellencamp, along with fellow board member Dave Matthews -- will be especially meaningful for Farm Aid's 35th anniversary given the number of farmers who have changed their operations due to labor shutdowns to depleted demand. Many of the nation's agriculturists have been hit by the coronavirus pandemic, and ABC News' Good Morning America met with the families and community members who run four farms across the country to learn how they have been affected by the crisis and how they've pivoted.

Spence Farm of Fairbury, Illinois

Father-son duo Marty and Will Travis run Spence Farm in Fairbury, Illinois, a 160-acre farm that was settled in 1830, and produces such commodity crops as corns, beans and wheat.

"For me, the best part of being here on the farm is being able to speak with Will," Marty Travis said. "For us to be able to work nearly every day together has been tremendous."

Along with carrying on their family's legacy -- they are seventh and eight-generation farmers, respectively -- the Travises worked as part of a cooperative group with more than 50 other nearby farms that they say delivered in excess of 120 tons of food in 2019 to restaurants in Chicago, such as Rick Bayless' Frontera Grill and Stephanie Izard's Girl & the Goat.

But when the pandemic hit, Spence Farm had to "reinvent" and "reimagine" itself.

For the past 18 years, it's always been restaurants and bakeries and wholesale accounts," Will Travis said. "After pandemic stuff happened… we had to transition to individuals getting groceries."

Thankfully, though, some of the restaurants they worked with are starting to reopen, but they're still getting most of their food into the hands of local families.

Marty Travis said that Spence Farm supports Farm Aid, and previously donated apples and green beans to the organization.

"There are many, many farmers who are in rougher straits than we are, and Farm Aid has been their advocate to bring more awareness to the farming community," he said. "The farmers are feeding the world. Farmers are supporting the community, too. And if we can continue to have that whole circular community, that's huge."

Big Picture Farm of Townshend, Vermont

Since 2010, Louisa Conrad and Lucas Farrell have operated Big Picture Farm, which they describe as a "small hillside goat dairy and farmstead confectionery and creamery." Located in Townshend, Vermont, the farm is home to 40 free-range goats that guests can milk and play with, and enjoy "goat cocktails."

"Goats love to snuggle," Conrad said. "You just drink your cocktail and snuggle with a goat, and it's pretty awesome."

The pair, who met at Middlebury College, said that about 80% of their business used to be wholesale, but their accounts took a hit as stores began closing due to the pandemic, and visits from tourists dropped dramatically. Still, the business has been able to stay afloat and keep staff employed as people have rushed to support small businesses by purchasing products online and frequenting specialty shops that carry them, as well. People have also been signing up for longer-term rentals on their property.

"We weren't ever worried about our supply chain," Farrell said. "A lot of food companies, during the pandemic... they were worried about certain ingredients [and] where things might break down in terms of their supply."

"We could adapt to the new protocol and keep our employees safe. And we know the animals are safe," Conrad said. "It's the same reason why the farm stands in Vermont went bananas in March and April, because all of a sudden you had a spot where people could go where it's like, 'This is just pure food from this farmer.'"

Conrad and Farrell are thankful for the influence of Farm Aid.

"They've done a lot of advocacy since the beginning, especially with dairy farmers and dairy pricing," Conrad said. "They work tirelessly... to make sure that Vermont continues to be the welcoming place that it is for small farms and farmers in general."

Black Urban Gardeners and Farmers of Pittsburgh Co-Op of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

The Black Urban Gardeners and Farmers of Pittsburgh Co-Op, also known as BUGs Pittsburgh and BUGFPC, is an association that has been around since 2015, but has been running the Homewood Historical Urban Farm since 2017.

"We want to supply our community with fresh produce and teach others to grow their food as well," said Raqueeb Bey, founder and executive director of the BUGFPC.

Bey said that the 31,000-square-foot farm provides food for the neighborhood of Homewood, a residential area of 6,000 mostly Black residents. Bey also said the crops grown -- which include collard and mustard greens, kale, peppers, eggplant, lettuce, tomatoes, herbs such as basil, lavender and chamomile, and even honey produced by the farm's four beehives -- offer healthier options to an underserved area.

"Most people are familiar with the term 'food desert,' but we call it what it is food apartheid, because this [neighborhood] hasn't had a grocery store since 1995," Bey said.

"But there are those who are working to make sure that that doesn't happen again, to bring fresh food here in Homewood," she added, noting her participation in various organizations to make sure her community's needs are heard.

BUGFPC also makes sure community members are fed by hosting a farmers' market.

"It's very important that we as Black growers come together in our communities to build, to sustain our own land," Bey said. "It's very important that we have our own land. And once again, like I said, we don't just grow food, we grow minds and leaders."

Woven Roots Farm of Tyringham, Massachusetts

The Woven Roots Farm doesn't just grow food, it also grows its volunteers' minds about the practices of farming. Doubling as an education center, Woven Roots "is built on honoring the land of the Mohican Nation" through techniques and cultural practices mastered within communities of indigenous people, people of color and immigrants, according to their website.

Jen and Pete Salinetti have run the farm for 20 years, working with a number of groups within their community to spread their message and help others learn how to grow a variety of items.

"We grow over 75 crops," Jen Salinetti said. "Vegetables... culinary and medicinal herbs, we have flowers [and] we have some fruits."

They also teach such techniques as canning, season extension, transplanting and successive crop production.

The arrival of COVID-19 showed them just how important their mission and their presence is to the region.

"It was so scary… to recognize that we are essential workers and that we fulfill a huge need within the community," Jen Salinetti said. "We were able to work with a number of different community partnerships to be able to create more direct food access for people that are in high-risk health situations and various forms of food insecurity."

The Salinettis interacted with Farm Aid in 2018 as their area experienced months of rainfall.

"It was actually at the Farm Aid concert that I learned that there is a hotline as a resource for farmers," Jen Salinetti said. "I was moved to tears from it. I really had no idea that Farm Aid was in such an intimate place with farms."

The two also hope to continue building their own relationship with their community.

"My hope for the future of this farm is in the creation of an educational facility that attracts as many people as possible to learn the skills on how to grow their own food," Pete Salinetti said. "And how to make a living doing it."

"They're not gonna get rich," he added, "[but will] know how to grow their own food and know how to take care of themselves."

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Wachiwit/iStockBy CATHERINE THORBECKE, ABC News

(NEW YORK) -- Facebook users in Illinois can now submit claims online and receive between $200 and $400 as part of a $650 million settlement by the social media giant over a class-action lawsuit stemming from its collection of users' biometric data.

"We are very excited that the process is moving forward and that class members are now able to participate in the largest consumer privacy settlement in our country's history," attorney Jay Edelson, whose office spearheaded the legal action, said in a statement to ABC News Thursday.

Edelson said individuals are eligible to submit a claim if they have lived in Illinois for approximately six months "and their face appeared in a picture on Facebook after June 7, 2011."

He said multiple people in a single household can submit separate claims and it takes about two minutes to go through the process online at the website set up to process claims: http://www.facebookbipaclassaction.com.

The deadline to file a claim is Nov. 23, 2020, he added.

The payouts in Illinois are the result of a settlement after Facebook collected and stored biometric data of users in the state without proper notice and consent as part of its "Tag Suggestions" feature, which attorneys argued was in violation of a unique state privacy law, the Biometric Information Privacy Act. As part of the settlement, Facebook denies violating any laws.

Facebook did not immediately respond to ABC News' request for comment Thursday.

The settlement was first disclosed in a January earnings call by the company's chief financial officer.

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South_agency/iStockBy MINA KAJI, ABC News

(NEW YORK) -- United Airlines will be the first airline to offer COVID-19 tests to some of its passengers as the industry urges governments to agree on an international testing protocol as a way to safely reopen travel routes that have been cut amid the coronavirus pandemic.

Passengers traveling from San Francisco International (SFO) to Hawaii will be tested and allowed to bypass quarantine restrictions upon arrival. Testing will be available starting Oct. 15, and passengers will have the option of taking a rapid test at SFO or a self-collected mail-in-test before departure.

Those who opt to take the rapid test for $250 would get swabbed before going through security on the day of their flight from SFO, a United spokesperson explained. The airline says the test provides results in approximately 15 minutes. If a customer gets a positive result they won’t be allowed to travel or enter the terminal.

The mail-in test sample requires a bit more planning -- passengers have to order the kit 10 days prior to departure and send in a sample within 72 hours of their trip. But it is considerably cheaper, costing around $80.

After passengers land, Hawaii officials will verify their results and waive the requirement to quarantine for two weeks. In June, 21 travelers were arrested on suspicion of violating Hawaii's quarantine order.

"Our new COVID testing program is another way we are helping customers meet their destinations’ entry requirements, safely and conveniently," United Chief Customer Officer Toby Enqvist said in a release. "We’ll look to quickly expand customer testing to other destinations and U.S. airports later this year to complement our state-of-the-art cleaning and safety measures."

Industry stakeholders want the U.S. to reach an agreement on pre-flight COVID-19 testing procedures with Europe, Canada or the Pacific as part of a "limited testing pilot project" to restore global travel.

"These rapid tests are critical for understanding community spread, doing contact tracing and helping people do their jobs, be in school and live their lives safely," ABC News Medical Contributor Dr. Jay Bhatt said. "Still, we need better tests and better access to them. The tests should have rigorous review by the FDA as soon as possible and we continue to need to improve our turnaround times for results."

United Airlines Chief Communication Officer Josh Earnest said the current limiting factor for U.S. airlines to implement these programs before international flights is not so much reliability, but availability of tests.

"We would love to see the U.S. government work with international authorities to lower the barriers to international trade and commerce," Earnest told ABC News last week. "That would be good for the broader economy, it certainly would be good for a lot of U.S. citizens that are eager to travel, and obviously it would be really good for our business. ... We just don't have the capacity as a country, to do that many tests."

ABC News' Sam Sweeney contributed to this report.


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glegorly/iStockBy CATHERINE THORBECKE, ABC News

(WASHINGTON) -- The latest tally of weekly jobless claims was 870,000 last week, the Department of Labor said Thursday.

While the number of people filing for unemployment insurance has plateaued in recent weeks, the latest figure shows a concerning uptick of 4,000 compared to the previous week's revised figure.

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tonefotografia/iStockBy MINA KAJI, ABC News

(NEW YORK) -- Rachel Davis was brought to tears last week as she pleaded with American Airlines gate agents after getting booted from a flight because her 2-year-old son would not wear a mask.

"What do you want me to do -- duct tape his face?" she asked. "He's 2 years old, he doesn't get it!"

Davis called it her lowest point as a mother, and she's not alone. Her story is just the most recent to surface as airlines grapple with how to handle child mask requirements.

In late July, major U.S. airlines started revising their policies from "young children" being exempt from wearing masks to "all children age 2 and up" being required to wear a face covering in order to fly.

Over the last two months, at least five mothers have struggled to get their toddlers to keep their masks on after boarding their plane, and were subsequently removed from their flight.

Chaya Bruck was traveling with her six children in August when they were all kicked off of a JetBlue Airways flight after her 2-year-old daughter refused to wear a mask.

"Should I tie her hands, what should I do?" Bruck asked the JetBlue flight attendant.

These incidents have inspired a Change.org petition calling for the airlines to increase their minimum age requirement for mask use, but the carriers say their policies align with U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines that any child over the age of 2 should wear a mask.

The World Health Organization, on the other hand, says children aged 5 years and under should not be required to wear masks.

"The exact age is somewhat arbitrary," Dave Harrison, M.D., a pediatric cardiology fellow and ABC News contributor said. "The idea is that everyone should wear a mask to minimize spread, but it's all about safety first. The recommended age is based on a child's ability to remove the mask by themselves in an emergency situation."

Harrison explained that there is currently no evidence that a child that's age 5 versus age 2 has any difference in risk associated with COVID-19 severity.

But there is a difference in behavior.

"Having had two children go through that phase, I can tell you it's no easy feat to get them to do anything that they don't want to do," said Heather Greenwood Davis, contributing editor at National Geographic Traveler. "Kids at that age vary in temperament from day to day, hour to hour. Any expectation that a 2-year-old will follow any rule has to be tempered with the reality that kids at that age are prone to testing boundaries."

Greenwood Davis said experts she's spoken to have suggested letting kids choose their own masks, talking to kids about how great it is that they are helping keep everyone safe, and gradually increasing the amount of time that they have the mask on at home as ways to make a potential future trip easier.

"There has to be a way that airlines can adjust procedures to make sure that parents and kids have enough time and space to adopt safe procedures," Greenwood Davis said. "We're all going to have to work together to get through this."

A flight attendant who wished to remain anonymous told ABC News they are trained to first try to calm the situation and then call for a customer service manager.

Charles Leocha, president and cofounder of the Washington, D.C., consumer advocacy group Travelers Unite, thinks flight attendants should be given some sort of leeway for children between the ages of 2 and 5.

"Someone could be just having a bad day," Leocha said. "The kids are upset. Maybe their diaper's unchanged. I mean there's a whole bunch of reasons that there could be for not wanting to wear a mask. And I think that at some point we have to have some common sense coming into this situation, especially when you've got mothers and families traveling together, and you're saying everybody has to go."

Leocha suggested airlines could try creating more space between young children and other passengers.

"Given the fact that most of the flights are not packed with every single seat filled, there's always a way that you can get a small kid into an area of the plane where they're not really going to be right in someone's face," Leocha said.

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Cedric WellsBy JOEL LYONS, ABC News

(NEW YORK) -- When Jordanne Wells' husband, Cedric, was about to turn 30 years old, she planned to buy him an ultimate flight simulator bundle -- a thoughtful gift given his interest in flying.

"I wanted to make this one special because it's a big, big number," she said. "I found the perfect gift. This was going to make me wife of the year."

 But before she could press the "pay now" button, she started feeling anxious about the purchase.

"I couldn't do it in good conscience," she said. "It was like, well, the money I'm spending on this, I could probably put it on the debt and I could probably get further ahead. It felt like that was a conversation I was always having."

"I can't keep sacrificing my life," she added in making minimum payments toward a credit card debt that was above $30,000. "I was pretty much done. It just flipped the switch in my head. It was like, 'No more. We're not having this conversation anymore. I have to get this under control.'"

Wells says her debt built up over several years. Having emigrated from Jamaica, she said she had to learn how to navigate the credit system in the U.S., along with having taken out student loans, and starting a family and buying home.

"I'm putting all my funds towards servicing this debt. It wasn't going anywhere. I was just keeping it alive, making the minimum payments, so that's pretty much how I ended up in more trouble than I thought I was in at the time," she said.

Wells, who studied economics in college, is the founder of Wise Money Women, a space for millennial-aged women to learn about how to manage their finances, as well as "The Wealth From Scratch Show," a podcast she hosts with her husband.

"I've always been fascinated with money and understanding how we make the decisions that we make," she said.

She decided to finally take the reins on her debt and came up with a plan that helped her pay off $30,000 in debt in one year.

It's called the Debt S-L-A-Y-E-R Method, and it takes users through six sequential steps to assess and tackle their debt. Wells says unlike the debt snowball and debt avalanche methods, the Debt S-L-A-Y-E-R Method allows those who follow it to take into consideration such circumstances as time-limited balance transfers and interest rates, among other things.

Here, she walks through her process:

1. Survey the Land

"I started out with surveying and taking a good look as to what was happening with my cards," Wells said. "That was the first part in getting really good clarity and it helps a lot to get you motivated, because you can see what's going to happen if you don't make a change."

2. Limit and Leverage

"You want to limit using more credit," Wells said. "I have two small kids ... I couldn't think of getting a second job, a third job, a fourth job to try and pay this down. I needed to work with the funds that I had to make it as optimized as possible. That meant getting my expenses lowered. And then using those extra funds that I was already used to paying into making extra payments."

3. Automate Your Payments

"Automation was to make sure I didn't damage my credit," Wells said. "I knew that I was getting prepared to potentially consolidate and get lower interest rates, so I needed to improve my credit while I was going through this process."

To do that, she set up automatic payments to make sure she never missed a minimum payment each month, which she says, "free your mind from the mental gymnastics of bill payment."

"You know your bills at the minimum are covered so you can focus your energy on other things, like earning more, saving more or other things you love," she added.

4. Yes, You Have to Pay Extra

"A lot of folks like to think that you can get away without having to pay extra," Wells said. "You're going to have to pay extra. That's how we get our debt paid off faster."

Wells said she was "randomly" paying extra money all the time.

"I paid $20 payments, I made $50 payments, I made a 60-cent payment," she said. "If I had any leftover change, if I didn't buy a Doritos from the vending machine, then I just put that dollar right into the debt right away."

Wells points out that credit card interest is often calculated every day, so the more often you pay, the less you may pay in interest later, which also contributes to lowering minimum payments.

5. Evaluate Often

"As I was going through this process and I was making these payments, I was looking at what was working, what was keeping me motivated, what was getting me excited, what tools did I need to use and when am I most likely to end up in a bad situation. When you go through and look at how you're doing with it, you can keep the things that are working and you can drop the things that aren't," Wells said.

"A general rule of thumb folks can use is to pay extra on the debt with highest minimum payments but with the lowest balances first because it can help free up cash flow faster," she said. "Why? If the minimum payment is high, then paying off that debt means that you get a larger chunk of money back in your pocket for debt payoff or goals, and if the balance is low, then it'll get paid off very fast."

"At the end of the day, the most important plan for the extra funds is the one that will keep you focused on the path to the debt payoff," she said.

6. Ramping It Up

"When I evaluated and said, 'Yes, my credit score looks good' … then it was just gravy all from there because I was paying the same amount I was paying from the beginning, but it was working so much harder," Wells said.

She adds that those using the method will want to look at opportunities to improve the terms of their debt, such as balance-transfer opportunities, consolidating loans or refinancing that can help them pay down their principal faster and pay less in interest.

Wells added that people will also want to look at their financial situation to see where they may need to pull back or where there are opportunities where it would be advantageous to "ramp up."

For example, "If kids will be starting 'real school' and daycare costs will be lowered, that could open a chance to ramp up debt payment," she said.

"Right now, I feel like a lot of us are in a state where we need funds to work harder. We cannot afford to not optimize, we cannot afford to not be resourceful with the funds that we do have," she said.

Copyright © 2020, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.

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iStock/Derick HudsonBY: CATHERINE THORBECKE, ABC News

(NEW YORK) -- Four individuals, including the partner of one of the victims of the deadly Kenosha, Wisconsin, shootings, have filed a lawsuit against Facebook, the suspected gunman Kyle Rittenhouse and two leaders of online groups.

Violent protests rocked the Midwest city after the police shooting of Jacob Black on Aug. 23. Blake was paralyzed in the shooting.

The suit, filed in the federal court of the Eastern District of Wisconsin on Tuesday, alleges Facebook failed to delete two pages on its platform that the lawsuit says encouraged violence against protesters. It claims this may have ultimately led 17-year-old Rittenhouse to allegedly kill two people and injure a third.

The complaint argues the "militia" groups the Kenosha Guard and the Boogaloo Bois broadcast a "call to arms" using Facebook, urging counter-protesters to fight those protesting the Blake shooting. Rittenhouse "answered the Call to Arms by driving across state lines from Antioch, Illinois with an assault rifle," the complaint states.

The plaintiffs said they were "terrorized, assaulted, harassed, and placed in so much fear when facing the business end of military grade assault rifles that they determined it was too dangerous to continue to protest," according to the complaint.

The lawsuit also argues that the deaths could have been prevented had Facebook taken action, saying the social media giant "received more than 400 warnings that what did happen was going to occur."

Facebook allegedly received hundreds of complaints and flags concerning the Kenosha Guard page, the complaint claims, "with reporters expressing that they were deeply concerned the Kenosha Guard was going out that night looking to intimidate and injure people protesting the shooting of Jacob Blake."

According to the complaint, it wasn't until days after the violence occurred that Facebook removed the Kenosha Guard page.

The lawsuit claims Facebook is enabling these so-called militia groups to recruit and conspire and that Facebook "continues to profit from their activities, and those who fight for social justice continue to die."

Rittenhouse is currently held in Illinois but faces charges in Wisconsin including homicide. His lawyers have previously argued via a produced video that he acted in self-defense, and the next court date for his extradition hearing to Wisconsin is set for Sept. 25.

"As to Kyle Rittenhouse, this lawsuit is errant nonsense but may provide a golden opportunity for obtaining documents and sworn testimony from Facebook to bolster Kyle’s future defamation case against Facebook for falsely accusing him of mass murder," Lin Wood, an attorney for Rittenhouse, told ABC News in a statement. "Thus, I view the lawsuit as a blessing in disguise."

A Facebook spokesperson told ABC News in a statement that the company "took action against organizations and content related to Kenosha."

"We have found no evidence that suggests the shooter followed the Kenosha Guard Page or that he was invited to the Event Page they organized," the statement added.

In an Aug. 28 video posted to Facebook, CEO Mark Zuckerberg said his company has made an "operational mistake" in not removing the Kenosha Guard page earlier.

Zuckerberg added that Facebook has designated the shooting as a mass murder and removed Rittenhouse's Facebook and Instagram accounts.

The other named defendants in the lawsuit include Kevin Mathewson, the operator of the Kenosha Guard Facebook page, and Ryan Balch, an alleged member of the Boogaloo Bois. Mathewson did not immediately respond to ABC News' request for comment. Balch could not immediately be reached for comment and phone numbers linked to him had been disconnected.

Copyright © 2020, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.

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iStock/designer491BY: SASHA PEZENIK, ABC News

(WASHINGTON) -- Yolanda Ames knows how to make food stretch: A little bread added to the ground beef, or a little extra water in the macaroni, will help keep her three boys' stomachs full longer. That's not the problem; it's whether she can afford electricity this month, so the fridge will stay on and keep her groceries from spoiling. In her bank account, there is roughly $0. In her hand, there's an envelope: the latest bill she is not certain how to pay.

There's one thing Ames knows: She'll have hard choices to make this month.

Before the coronavirus' global grip, it already wasn't easy. Now, Americans enduring the most threadbare fiscal safety nets find themselves on the fault lines exacerbated by the health crisis -- with the ground rapidly giving way beneath them.

New polling reveals that those with the smallest financial buffer have sustained a heavy blow. The survey, released Wednesday from NPR, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and Harvard's T.H. Chan School of Public Health, and conducted between July 1 and Aug. 3, finds that the COVID-19 crisis has sent families reeling from the economic fallout.

"It all starts to snowball," Dr. Robert Blendon, professor of Public Health and Political Analysis at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, told ABC News. "You're draining your resources -- whatever resources you had. You lose your work, but you've still got a landlord, a mortgage, utilities, you've still got to eat, suddenly you're in real trouble."

"It's a fight every day," Ames agreed. She's out of work, living on food stamps, supporting her two teenage sons and 6-year-old grandson. "All this has put me so far back now that I'm in a hole. A major, major hole."

Pre-pandemic, Ames, 43, made ends meet with odd jobs like styling hair or babysitting in her East Charlotte, North Carolina, neighborhood. Now she's recovering from breast cancer, and the pandemic has rendered both high-contact gigs too risky.

"These people are very vulnerable on the most basic things, barely hanging on and needing some financial toehold," Blendon said. "So what does it mean for the future? A lot of these households are going to fall apart unless there's some sort of cushion."

More than four in 10 households across the country report facing serious financial problems due to the COVID-19 outbreak, the survey reveals. More than four in 10 also report having lost employment, been furloughed, or had wages and hours cut. Among those with job or wage losses during the outbreak, two in three homes report severe financial issues.

And those with the slimmest margin for error, the most vulnerable to the virus, have been hit the hardest; as the income bracket shrinks, so grows the economic impact.

"If you make over $100,000, it's like an economic vaccine," Blendon said. "For so many others of more modest means, there's no life preserver for you. And suddenly you're forced to make difficult decisions between the basic things that keep your home together."

About a third of households with reported income under $30,000 said they had serious problems affording food, and had missed or delayed paying major bills to ensure enough to eat for everyone.

Broken down by race, that burden disproportionately weighs on Black and brown Americans. Thirty-one percent of Black households and 26% of Latino households say they face serious financial problems, contrasted with 12% of white households. Communities of color, already suffering a disproportionate impact from the virus, are now more financially strapped.

It comes as the nation pushes past a sobering milestone in the pandemic -- 200,000 COVID-19 deaths -- with the loss ravaging communities of color.

"On a day when we're reflecting on 200,000 deaths, we can't ignore the economic impact on those who are living through it," Dr. Richard Besser, president and CEO of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, told ABC News. "Death is only one marker for the impact of this pandemic, and it's affecting society in major ways. And the burden of that is not evenly felt. What you see is the same groups that have suffered the most in terms of infection, also suffering the greatest economic burden."

One in five households nationwide report facing serious problems paying their mortgage or rent; there too, Black, Latino and low-income households take the greatest share of suffering.

Serious issues with heating and cooling, problems with pests, water and environmental problems, and severely cramped living conditions are also shouldered disproportionately by Black, Latino and low-income households, the survey found.

"I know what these numbers mean in people's lives," Blendon said. "It's a bit of the American Dream -- that we're going to make it, we're going to do better. And suddenly it's falling apart because you don't know how you're going to make it through the month."

Experts say the hardships reported in the poll are likely even bleaker since government relief programs expired at the end of July, and negotiations on another round of long-term aid have run up against a partisan divide.

"It has to be worse, because checks that these people surveyed would be receiving, that would have helped some, are no longer there," Blendon said.

"I have no choice but to keep on going no matter what," Ames said of her situation. "Don't know where this is going to end. I've been waiting for better for a long time; I'm not even sure I'd know what better looks like."

In dire straits, the idea of bartering food stamps for extra cash might be appealing for families in the red, even if they sell for only half their worth. But Ames knows that would be illegal, and says she's stuck to survival by strategic saving.

"It's a choice of -- are you going to pay for your meds? Or are you going to pay your light bill this month? Or can you buy your sons the socks they need? Toilet paper? Soap?" Ames said. "I was already down before this and now I don't know what I'm going to do to come back up to par. I can't afford to live like this -- and I can't afford to die."

"I think that at this moment, this milestone of 200,000 deaths, it's a time to reflect back on what's taking place, but more so, it's a time to look forward and say, 'What do we want the next few months to look like?'" Besser said. "Do we want it to be more of the same? Or do you want to say, 'This was the time when we decided to come together as a nation'?"

ABC News' Eric Strauss and Sony Salzman contributed to this report.

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